According to the World Health Organization (WHO) annual report, one in three adults suffer from hypertension. However, because it is a disease with no significant symptoms, most of these people are unaware that it has it, which makes it dangerous.
Therefore, consulting your doctor regularly for routine checkups and having a balanced menu is essential to ensure a healthy life. In addition to measuring the pressure monthly. If hypertension is not followed by the specialist, it can increase the risk of stroke, among other cardiac complications.
Those suffering from hypertension need to take certain precautions and pay attention to food. This is because the consumption of certain types of food can raise blood pressure even further, which causes serious health problems.
Prohibited and Allowed Foods
One of the main attitudes that hypertension should have is to avoid salty foods. • Excessive salt intake should be avoided. Both those we add in our food and foods that contain a lot of salt or sodium in their composition or preparation. Remembering that it is not only salty foods that contain salt (sodium), sweets too ?, explains nutritionist Raquel Maranhão of BeSlim Clinic.
According to Rachel, there are studies that show that some foods do not increase the pressure. • There are certain foods with a lower risk of high blood pressure, such as those high in fiber: vegetables and whole grains; calcium: dairy products; fatty acid and omega 3: some fish, such as sardines and salmon; Flaxseed and potassium: soybeans, beans, potatoes and oranges?
However, before taking any action, you need to consult the specialist to see what type of treatment is right for your body. "The menu is made according to the amount of calories needed for the person," comments Rachel.
Composed basically of natural foods, the daily meal is made according to the patient's need. They are meals with reduced salt and seasoning; the substitution of foods with significant amounts of salt for those with reduced amount in its composition and preparation, such as white cheese without salt, especially avoiding industrialized ones?, exemplifies Raquel.
Avoiding foods with sodium such as french bread and jerky is recommended. "Concentrated juices and caffeine should also be removed from the daily life of hypertensive people," says nutritionist Lila Valente.
It is also important to consult the doctor every six months. For those with a family history of hypertension, it is recommended to measure it at least once a week.
Guidelines for Hypertension Treatment - Presented by Jamie Johnston, MD (April 2021)
- Prevention and Treatment