When a child presents low school performancedoesn't always mean she's lazy or disinterested, can be a hereditary disorder known as dyslexia. Who has the disorder presents difficulties in reading and writing. Also, at the time of writing, the person exchanges or omits words. With this, learning is soon impaired.
According to the International Dyslexia Association (IDA), the disorder affects 17% of the world's population and is usually identified in classrooms in the years after literacy. The earlier the diagnosis, the lower the child's learning impairment.
The most common signs that the child has the disorder are: difficulties with language and writing; difficulties in writing; difficulties with spelling and slowness in learning to read.
In some cases, the child will also have dysgraphia (ugly letter); difficulty with math; difficulties in understanding written texts and difficulties in learning a second language.
But the Association warns that the diagnosis should be made by a multidisciplinary team composed by speech therapist, psychologist, psychopedagogue, should also be considered the result of some tests such as audiometry, neurological evaluation, auditory processing and visual processing.
Psychopedagogue Roselaine Marquetti explains that "people with the disorder are intelligent, but have to use other devices to learn". They usually perform well in oral tests and practical activities. Their intelligence is not affected by dyslexia.
Dyslexia has no cure, but treatment is long and persistent, but no medication is required.
Lack of proper treatment can, in addition to learning, impair social life, cause anxiety or depression. But the biggest problem is that the disorder usually affects the child's self-esteem. "The child realizes that it is different but does not know the way to deal with it," explains Roselaine. Accompaniment mitigates the difficulties and the student will find alternative mechanisms for learning.
If the child is diagnosed with dyslexia, the family should also inform the school. Recognition of the disorder will prevent the child from being considered a bad student and education professionals should seek solutions to deal with the child's difficulty.
At home, parents should be careful about their studies and avoid serious charges. Ideally, they also help the child, motivate and encourage. For example, dyslexics understand more when someone reads to it.
If treated early, as an adult, dyslexic learns to cope with difficulties and, especially, to overcome them. "It creates its own mechanism to be able to read and write without many problems," concludes the psychopedagogue.
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- Prevention and Treatment