Suddenly several reddish and raised spots appear on your child's skin and he begins to scratch. In a few seconds the spots get bigger, even coming together. Of course in such a situation the mother may become desperate and try to understand what happens in the child's body. But keep calm, because your child may only be suffering from acute hives crisis.
Pediatrician, Wellington Borges, Department of Allergy and Immunology Department of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics (SBP), explains that “in most cases, acute urticaria is triggered by some viral infection or may be caused by food or drug allergy. ? The specialist warns that the child may still have fever and, in more severe cases, angioedema, which is swelling of the lips, eyelids, ears, tongue or any other region of the body.
The most common signs that child with hives acute disease is precisely the appearance of lumps or reddish plates and hot all over the body and a intense itching. The marks do not affect the palms or the soles of the feet, usually change places and do not last more than 24 hours in the same place. "Typical injuries are like those caused by mosquito bites," the doctor exemplifies.
If these spots appear, take the child immediately to the emergency room. No cream, ointment, alcohol or any substance on the patient's skin should be used as this may make her even more sensitive and irritated. O treatment for acute urticaria This is done through the use of histamine (antiallergic) drugs and, in the most severe cases, corticosteroids are added orally.
The diagnosis of the disease is very important because in some cases it can be triggered by the patient's contact with a specific substance. "It is common for hives to appear in people with seafood allergies, for example, or medications like penicillin and aspirin," explains the pediatrician. With this diagnosis, the patient should be kept well away from what causes the allergy.
Simple cases involving an episode are usually treated by the pediatrician. "But in recurring or long-term cases, parents should look for a pediatric allergist to better diagnose and guide treatment," Borges concludes. The expert points out that acute urticaria is not transmissible and is considered a pathology of good prognosis, without risks to the patient. Episodes are usually short-lived and leave no mark on the body.
Ask Dr. Mike: My child has hives, what could be causing them? (April 2021)
- Children and adolescents