Skin Aging: How to Stop and Soften the Effects of Time

Time passes to everyone, unfortunately that is a fact. And the skin (just like the other organs of the body), changes and ages. Loss of elasticity and natural luster, some wrinkles and flaccidity they are the most characteristic signs. But it is not only time that makes these changes happen.

Going through a lot of stress, having bad habits like smoking and excessive drinking, and especially, abusing the sun influence and accelerate the skin aging, causing her appearance to change earlier, with the appearance of spots, peels, roughness and more wrinkles than usual.

Although we cannot park time, some precautions leave the younger skin. Understand more and know what to do to delay this problem.

What happens to the skin?

The skin has three layers: the epidermis (outermost), the dermis (which supports the epidermis and is made up of collagen, keratin and other fibers) and the hypodermis (which is a fat tissue and acts as an energy reservoir, helps to fix other organs and is also a thermal insulator).

At epidermisOver time, the cells begin to peel and, as hormones lose their strength and are no longer being manufactured, the skin begins to look much more dry. Already dermis The amount and quality of the colloidal gel is reduced, that is, it can no longer get water and produce collagen and elastin fibers, which support and give the skin a young air.

THE hypodermis tends to shrink, becoming thinner and more vulnerable. Thus, maintaining the firmness and elasticity of the skin is weakened. Blood vessels are losing their ability to remove toxins from the body and also to nourish and oxygenate the epidermis cells. The moral of the story: Cellular renewal, which is so simple in young people, is seriously undermined.

From decade to decade

When you are a teenager, one of the first signs of skin aging It is the onset of acne. After age 20, fine expression marks appear, especially around the eyes and mouth.

When you reach 30, you start to get the first wrinkles, as the elastin fibers change and, as a result, the skin density decreases, with the loss of firmness and elasticity, affecting the entire contour of the face. Cellular renewal and natural skin hydration are starting to slow, too, but slowly.

Between the ages of 40 and 50, collagen and elastin fibers are not produced as before and the fibers become disorganized, leaving irregular cell renewal and causing the skin to lose moisture more and more. The natural drop in hormone production brings even more damage, such as loss of density, firmness and elasticity.

After the age of 60, wrinkles already appear clearly, the loss of elasticity and firmness is obviously noticeable and it becomes much thinner and dehydrated. The continuous decrease in hormonal rates makes the natural recovery of the skin impossible. During this period, more than ever, it is necessary to treat with the appropriate products so that it does not peel and not become so dry.

The danger that comes from the sun

O skin aging caused by incorrect exposure to sunlight is called photoaging. From age 30, the cells that color the surface of the skin (melanocytes) shrink a little more each year. With this, these cells become more stained (forming those dark spots). Harmful sunlight increases the number of these cells in the wrong way, causing age spots, another sign of skin aging.

Skin that has suffered too much sun exposure will eventually lose elasticity, wrinkles, dark or light spots and surface changes, and may become rough and peel more often. Already aged skin as a result of time only has a thinner appearance and little elasticity, but without so many spots.

To stop the effect of time

Some factors are skin number one enemies, such as smoking and alcohol abuse. Smokers have deep wrinkles around the eyes, mouth and cheeks. In the smoker's skin, the wrinkle phase almost never exists. The first signs are already thick creases. Excess alcohol causes the body to release more free radicals, which are oxidizing and accelerate aging.

In addition, sunning at an inappropriate time (10 am to 4 pm) without sunscreen also causes damage.The sun has a cumulative effect, meaning when you abuse it, the result is redness followed by peeling, but after 30 years, as you have seen, wrinkles and blemishes increase. Not smoking, using sunscreen early and appropriate to your skin are habits that only leave your younger skin.

Food is also a strong point. You need to have plenty of salads, fruits and fiber-rich foods, as well as drink plenty of water and eat antioxidant foods (carrots, green tea, citrus fruits, flaxseeds, whole grape juice are some examples), which fight the so-called free radicals. , which are naturally produced by breathing and negatively affect the body, leading to premature aging.

Also, after the age of 20 and 25, it is worth asking your dermatologist to give you an anti-wrinkle cream or gel.

To treat the effect of time

Peelings and other acid-based treatments are often best suited, but medicine is evolving nonstop: many active ingredients have been employed to lessen the effects of time on the skin. Antioxidant vitamins, such as vitamin C and vitamin E, are beneficial both systemically and topically and, in addition to their antioxidant effect, have a discreet photoprotective action, which, added to the benefits of sunscreens, also improves collagen formation.

Therefore, talk to your dermatologist. Will he tell you the best treatment so you don't get away from the mirror, combined?

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