According to the Ministry of Health, Southern Brazil is the region with the highest rate of deaths from venous thromboembolism. This is due to the lack of information and guidelines for disease prevention. But after all, what is it and what are the symptoms and treatments?
Also called thrombosis, venous thromboembolism is characterized by coagulation of blood within the veins. "These clots can detach from these veins and go to the lung, leading to pulmonary thromboembolism, a serious and potentially fatal disease," comments MAE Gynecologist and obstetrician Alfonso Massaguer.
As it is a disease that does not have fully characteristic symptoms, it is recommended to do routine tests to avoid surprises later. Venous thromboembolism can be a disease without symptoms, can progress to leg edema, even the most severe pulmonary thromboembolism, short of breath, shock and even death? Massaguer explains.
According to the gynecologist, there are factors that increase the incidence of the disease. There are some factors that can predispose the formation of thrombi such as genetic changes, smoking, immobilizations, some hormones and tumors. The thrombus can be formed mainly in larger veins of the lower limbs, with or without the presence of inflammatory signs in the region, such as pain, redness, temperature increase, edema ?, says.
But how to prevent? First and foremost, you need to see your doctor regularly and never take medication without his prescription and prescription. Prevention is done by avoiding immobilizations, smoking and some hormones. The use of elastic socks and anticoagulants also help in prevention ?, explains Massaguer
Believing that birth control pills help prevent venous thromboembolism is a myth. “We cannot say that pills help to prevent, as some may even increase the risk of thromboembolism? says the gynecologist.
Therefore, there is a need to consult the opinion of your doctor. Because in more serious cases, you need to have surgery. Prevention is the most important.
During episodes of thrombosis we can use anticoagulants and even hospitalize the patient. In more serious situations can we resort to thrombolytics (substances that destroy the thrombus) or surgery ?, comments Massaguer.
However, having some homemade attitudes can contribute to prevention. Write it down:
Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills and Venous Thromboembolism (April 2021)
- Prevention and Treatment